China Huangshan attractions, Xidi and Hongcun Ancient Villages introduced.

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Xidi and Hongcun Ancient Villages

Among various traditional villages in China, Xidi and Hongcun in Xixian County, as a representative of the ancient villages in Southern Anhui, are of great significant feature, The villages were laid out on the slopes by waters. The strees and lanes are variegated. The Shuikou is picturesque, colors and flavors of the buildings are simple and elegant. The fastigium is of particular and unique shape. The decorations of the houses are exquisit. The interior settings are simple, unsophisticated and elegant, all these features exhibit the villager’s remarkable creativity, marvelous talents and great achievements in the construction of residential environment. In November, 2000. Xidi and Hongcun in Xixan County, as typical ancient villages in Southern Anhui,was listed as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

Xidi village is located in the southeastern part of Qian County, and it has a long history of more than 950 years. At present, it has 224-citizen residence of Qing dynasty, 3 copper hall of Qing dynasty, one memorial archway of Ming dynasty. The general layout of the place is well preserved, with its road and rivers remaining unchanged. There are more than 40 lanes and alleys. While Hongcun is situated in the northeastern part of the county; the village was established in the year of 1131, and 137 buildings of Ming and Qing dynasty remains in their original places, which present a unique layout of an ancient village, among them, the most conspicuous spot is the Yuezhao, Nanhu, Shuizhen and several other hydro-engineering projects with a history of more than 400 years. Entering the 1990's, Xidi and Hongcun in Qian County are attracting more and more visitors from both China and abroad with its unique human culture. While the situation that the original citizens of a village make up 60% of its present residents is very rare, the original citizens of Xidi village make up 80%, and there are relatively fewer new house built here, thus the ancient culture is well preserved, and the residents here have perceived the preservation of their ancient houses as their primary goal. Maybe the residents of Xidi and Hongcun will pay little attention to their ancient architecture, old temples, and ancient archway, while in the eye of the architects, these symbolize the integration of science and culture, architecture and its surroundings. Xidi and Hongcun are typical representative of the culture of feudal society in the later stage of China – the carrier of Huizhou culture. From ancient times, the two villages had great respect for the thoughts of the Confucianists, they laid emphasis on education and culture, that is the collective reflection of Huizhou culture in the peak era of Ming and Qing dynasty, such as feudal ethic culture, Zongfa culture featuring communal life, Fengshui culture during the establishment of the village, and the Huishang culture featuring the Confucianists; it has well preserved the dialects, colloquial language, costume, and the cultural phenomena in daily activities such as food and drinks. At the same time, the connection between the prosperous state of Huishang and Huizhou culture is well presented.






Previous China  Attractions  including  Yellow Mountain:

Yellow Mountain China        

Tunxi Ancient Street

Tangyue Memorial Archway Group

Previous China Hotels for  your Yellow Mountain Tour:

Huangshan Hotels            The Huangshan Golf Hotel         Huangshan Xiang Ming Hotel