China Hangzhou attractions, West Lake introduced.

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West Lake

West Lake is a famous fresh water lake located in the historic center of Hangzhou, in Zhejiang province of eastern China.

The lake is divided by three causeways called Su Di, Bai Di, and Yanggong Di.


West Lake is located west of Hangzhou City. There are dozens of lakes called West Lake worldwide, but "West Lake" usually refers to the west lake in Hangzhou. It is surrounded by mountains on three sides, with an area of around 6.5 square kilometers. The distance from north to south is about 3.2 kilometers, and east to west, 2.8 kilometers. The circumference is around 15 kilometers. The average depth of West Lake is 2.27 meters, and the capacity is about 14,290,000 cubic meters. The lake is divided by Gu Shan, Bai, Su and Yanggong Causeways into five areas. Ordered by their areas, they are Outer West Lake, West Inner Lake, North Inner Lake, Little South Lake . "Outer West Lake" is the largest. "Gu Shan" or Gu Hill is the largest natural island in the lake. Su & Bai Causeways run cross the lake. Three small man-made islands, "Xiao Ying Zhou", "Hu Xing Ting", "Ruan Gong Dun", lie in the center of Outer West Lake. Thus, the basic layout is "one hill, two causeways, three islands, and five lakes".


West Lake is not only famous for its picturesque landscape, it is also associated with many scholars, national heroes and revolutionary martyrs, thus embracing many aspects of Chinese culture. In addition, many ancient buildings, stone caves and engraved tablets in surrounding areas are among the most cherished national treasures of China, with significant artistic value.

Due to its prominent historical and cultural status among Chinese scenic resorts, West Lake was elected as a National Key Scenic Resort in 1982, one of Ten Scenic Resorts in 1985 and national 5A tourist resort in 2006. Moreover, the picture of "Three Ponds Mirroring the Moon" was printed on the backs of both the foreign exchange certificate one yuan bill issued by the government in 1979 and the fifth version of RMB one yuan bill issued in 2004, indicating the status of West Lake in China.

Ten Scenes of West Lake

Traditionally, there are ten best-known scenic spots on the West Lake, each remembered by a four-character epithet. Collectively, they are known as the "Ten Scenes of West Lake". Each is marked by a stela with the epithet written in the calligraphy of the Qianlong Emperor. They are:


Dawn on the Su Causeway in Spring 
Curved Yard and Lotus Pool in Summer
Moon over the Peaceful Lake in Autumn
Remnant Snow on the Bridge in Winter
Leifeng Pagoda in the Sunset 
Two Peaks Piercing the Clouds
Orioles Singing in the Willows
Fish Viewing at the Flower Pond
Three Ponds Mirroring the Moon 
Evening Bell Ringing at the Nanping Hill

Other attractions

Other attractions include:


Yue-Wang Temple, the tomb and memorial hall to Yue Fei.
Lingyin Temple, a Buddhist monastery and surrounding hills and gardens.
Long Jing tea farms, an area renowned for the quality of its tea leaves.
Jingci Temple
Galloping Tiger Spring, a spring famous for its mineral water.
Tomb of Su Xiao Xiao, a famous courtesan.
Tomb of Wu Song, Wu Song famous for slaying a tiger; destroyed during the Cultural Revolution, and rebuilt in 2004