China Lijiang attractions, Lugu Lake introduced.

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Lugu Lake

The ancient and mysterious "Land of Grace Girls" - Lugu Lake is situated at the junction of Southwest Sichuan and Northwest Yunnan, 2,685 meters in altitude. The water is very clear. The lake remains an uncontaminated plateau lake.

Among the five islands in the lake, three are in the territory of Yunnan and two in that of Sichuan. Heiwawudao, Ligedao are metaphorically called "Three Islands of Ponglai" (Islands of the Immortals). Sitting in the middle of the lake, Heiwawudao Island is also called "the Chieftain Island" because Ashaoyun, the chieftain of Yongning, built his villa on the island in the Guangxu period of the Qing dynasty. Rock, an American scientist, also used to reside on this island. On the south side of the lake stands Liwubidao Island lies at the foot of the Lion Mountain. It is actually a small peninsular formed by the extension of the Lion Mountain into the Lake. A dozen of Mosuo families live on this island so it is possible for the visitors to experience the life on the island and, at the same time, enjoy the beautiful scenery of the lake.
The Mosuo people live in log cabins, in the middle of which there is a kitchen range each where fire keeps burning forever. They put food beside the kitchens for worshiping their ancestors.

When boys and girls aged thirteen years old, a ceremony shall be held to celebrate their growing-up. In the ceremony, standing on pork under a column (the upper end being the column of women and the lower end that of men), boys put on leather boots and wear red guimp lace on the waist; girls put on top-knots from ancestors and white pleated skirts. Afterwards, both sides can begin social contacts. Young men are allowed to pursue girls publicly. He can cohabit with a girl on condition that girl approves. In the morning, lots of men come and go. They all come out of their lovers' house. The relation is not steady when they are young. Sons and daughters all live with their mothers and their fathers have no duty to take care of them. When men become old, their nephews support them.

Marriage free - "Azhu" Lovers
Mosuo People are marriage-free. When the Mosuo girls reached 15 years of age, the boys reached 17, they are allowed to start their love affairs. The lovers (Called "Female Azhu" and "male Azhu") found each other freely. Mosuo people are good in singing and dancing. The young people dancing together and singing in Musou language to express their love.
The Musou girl has a special "Azhu" house to meet her lover. Her lover visits her during night and leave at morning.
If the girl wishes to stop the love affair, she closed the door of her "Azhu House" to the man. Then the man will not come again. The love affair is finished. The lovers have no economic or any legal relationship. It is based on mutual love affection only. The wiliness of the females are very respected.

Single Mothers
The children will growing up with their mother and uncles. They inherit their surnames from their mother. They even don't know who is their father.
Woman is the head of the family. Women are in charge of most works in the society.
These "single mothers" are happy. The uncles play the male part in the family and looking after the boys. Such blood connection may be more stable than the love-based marriage & duty. What an unique but wise arrangement.

Adult Ceremony
When the Mosuo children grow to 13 years old, they will through a special "Adult Ceremony" to become the adults.
The "Adult ceremony" always be held on the New Tear's Day. The mother helps the girls to wear beautiful new dresses and jewels. The uncle helps the boys to wear new clothes and waist knifes.
On the Adult Ceremony, the girls stand at the "Female Rank"; the boys stand at the "Male Rank". They keep one fool on the pork meat, one foot on the rice bag - the symbol of a rich life.
After the Adult Ceremony, they are allowed to attend all the adult activities. After 15 years they can meet their lovers.